Pigato is a white berry variety, with a medium-sized, conic-shaped, winged bunch of grapes which is fairly compact; the berries are round and have a golden yellow shade, which features rust red stains during the maturation. For this reason, in the local dialect, this variety is called ‘pigau’ (from the latin word ‘picatus’ which means stained) and it was firstly mentioned in the Ampelographic bulletin in 1883 with the term ‘pigà’.The former reliable evidences regarding Pigato cultivation are from the 19th century, but it looks like it was already diffused in 17th century. Pigato was probably used on the Ceriale and Campochiesa (Savona province) heights to replace Vermentino grape cultivation, which was more prone to spoilage. Recently, we can find Pigato variety also in the Albenga province area, and in the Ortovero municipality, across the Arroscia valley to the Ranzo munic-ipality and the whole Imperia province up to the French border.Pigato is the second most common white grape variety in Liguria, and it can be distinguished from Vermentino by their different botanical and carpo-logical features.In 1990 comparative ampelographic researches have pointed out that Pigato and Vermentino (along with Favorita) grapes, both present in the Nation-al Grape Registry from May 25th 1970, have some differences but none of them has proven to be crucial to distinguish their two separate identities: in fact, they are two biotypes of the very same variety.Pigato is a very robust plant, it prefers clayey, ferrous or calcareous soils with marine fossil substrate and its ripening period is late September.The wines produced from this variety are straw-yellow with stem-green reflexes, they usualy have floral, herbal, mineral and mediterranean forest perfumes. They are also dry, round and slightly bitter to the taste.At its best, Pigato can most surely be the base for the production of com-plex, longest-living, elegant white wines as in the chablisienne style.

Pigato can be used as:

-main vine in the PDO Riviera Ligure di Ponente Pigato PDO (min. 95%) and in the Colline del Genovesato Pigato PGI (min. 85%);

-secondary vine in the Terrazze dell’Imperiese PGI (min. 40%, by itself or in combination with Vermentino);

-complementary vine in all the PDO and PGI regional productions.

 

 

Contacts

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